In psychology, the subconscious is the part of consciousness that is not currently in focal awareness.
The subconscious and psychology
The word "subconscious" represents an anglicized version of the French subconscient as coined by the psychologist Pierre Janet (1859-1947), who argued that underneath the layers of critical-thought functions of the conscious mind lay a powerful awareness that he called the subconscious mind.
In the strict psychological sense, the adjective is defined as "operating or existing outside of consciousness".
Locke and Kristof write that there is a limit to what can be held in conscious focal awareness, an alternative storehouse of one's knowledge and prior experience is needed, which they label the subconscious.
The subconscious and psychoanalysis
Sigmund Freud first used the term "subconscious" on 1893 and in the 1895 "Studies on Hysteria" and then denied, he argues on 1926:
|"If someone talks of subconsciousness, I cannot tell whether he means the term topographically – to indicate something lying in the mind beneath consciousness – or qualitatively – to indicate another consciousness, a subterranean one, as it were. He is probably not clear about any of it. The only trustworthy antithesis is between conscious and unconscious."|
In Freud's opinion the unconscious mind has a will and purpose of its own that cannot be known to the conscious mind (hence the term "unconscious") and is a repository for socially unacceptable ideas, wishes or desires, traumatic memories, and painful emotions put out of mind by the mechanism of psychological repression.
Charles Rycroft explains that the subconscious is a term "never used in psychoanalytic writings". Peter Gay says that the use of the term subconscious where unconscious is meant is "a common and telling mistake"; indeed, "when [the term] is employed to say something 'Freudian', it is proof that the writer has not read his Freud".
Freud's own terms for thinking that takes place outside conscious awareness are das Unbewusste (rendered by his translators as "the Unconscious mind") and das Vorbewusste ("the Preconscious"); informal use of the term subconscious in this context thus creates confusion, as it fails to make clear which (if either) is meant. The distinction is of significance because in Freud's formulation the Unconscious is "dynamically" unconscious, the Preconscious merely "descriptively" so: the contents of the Unconscious require special investigative techniques for their exploration, whereas something in the Preconscious is unrepressed and can be recalled to consciousness by the simple direction of attention. The erroneous, pseudo-Freudan use of subconscious and "subconsciousness" has its precise equivalent in German, where the words inappropriately employed are das Unterbewusste and das Unterbewusstsein.
The subconscious and Analytical psychology
Carl Jung said that since there is a limit to what can be held in conscious focal awareness, an alternative storehouse of one's knowledge and prior experience is needed.
"New Age" and other modalities targeting the subconscious
The idea of the subconscious as a powerful or potent agency has allowed the term to become prominent in New Age and self-help literature, in which investigating or controlling its supposed knowledge or power is seen as advantageous. In the New Age community, techniques such as autosuggestion and affirmations are believed to harness the power of the subconscious to influence a person's life and real-world outcomes, even curing sickness. magazine criticized the lack of falsifiability and testability of these claims. Physicist Ali Alousi, for instance, criticized it as unmeasurable and questioned the likelihood that thoughts can affect anything outside the head. In addition, critics have asserted that the evidence provided is usually anecdotal and that, because of the self-selecting nature of the positive reports, as well as the subjective nature of any results, these reports are susceptible to confirmation bias and selection bias.
Psychologists and psychiatrists use the term "unconscious" in traditional practices, where metaphysical and New Age literature, often use the term subconscious. It should not, however, be inferred that the concept of the unconscious and the New Age concept of the subconscious are precisely equivalent, even though they both warrant consideration of mental processes of the brain. Psychologists and psychiatrists take a much more limited view of the capabilities of the unconscious than are represented by New Age depiction of the subconscious. There are a number of methods in use in the contemporary New Age and paranormal communities that affect the latter:What does catalyze mean? Who is the inventor of rubik's cube tricks? How to peel a boiled egg without shell sticking? How to learn driving a car tips? What does a nerve conduction test diagnose? What does mobile mean? What is the meaning for thanksgiving? What does buddy mean? How to read candlesticks? What time does the inauguration start 2021? What is the meaning of hoosier? What a glow up meaning? How to teach an old firefighter new tricks? What are fingerling potatoes? How to freeze green beans? Where can i get beef tips and white rice? how to apply for domestic helper in singapore How to tell if your water is leaking slowly? What does gallant mean? How long does it take to cook rib tips in the oven? Pubg tips and tricks how to improve aim? What does l m s mean on facebook? Zach king 3 tricks how to do? How to unlock a disabled iphone? How to change country on amazon? What does exfoliating mean? What does matriarch mean? How to tie a toga? What does autistic mean? What is the meaning of mundane in english? What does bbs mean? How many career hat tricks did wayne gretzky have? job opening in a paralegal helper for someone who likes to dig and search for informatio How to remove background from picture? What does pcp mean? What does former mean? How to do intermediate mountain bike tricks? What are the 7 kingdoms in game of thrones? What is a transvestite? How to get rid of hair bumps? What are doobie tips for? Tricks on how to get video card to work on acer that isn't working? How has the most hat tricks? What is an old soul meaning? How to make your snapchat dark mode? How to take acid? How to program liftmaster garage door opener? What does a quarter till mean? Tips on how to teach a child the arabic alphabet? How to update macbook air? How to connect airpods to dell laptop? What vitamins are fat soluble? What does walkover mean in tennis? How to make bbcode look good forum tricks? How much does it cost to build a 2500 square foot home? Tips on how to cut 200 lb of potatoes? What are the 5 types of psoriatic arthritis? What does high platelet count mean? How much is it to lease a car? What does death mean? How to give a dog a pill? What is the full meaning of ihs? What does stg meaning text? What are the units for acceleration? You are what you think? How to connect apple watch to iphone? What is the real meaning of karma? Tips for working men who live alone to keep the house neet? What does proliferation mean? Tips when starting a new position? What is the meaning of imperfections? What is the meaning of an amethyst crystal? How to get temporary tattoos off? How long does it take beef tips to cook in crockpot high? What are reticulocytes? What does emulated mean? How to use a claw clip? What are some different ways glaciers shape the land? How to freeze breast milk? What does the number on sunscreen mean? What does testimony mean? What does curb your dog mean? What is the meaning of zestimate? how do i add missing helper file What does nigger mean? Who has the responsibility for settling disputes over meaning in the constitution? What is a cross sectional study? How to do tricks on skateboards? What does om mean in text? What is meaning of anthropology? How to remove blank rows in excel? How long for melatonin to work? What does they mean? Why are my ears ringing spiritual meaning? What is the meaning of cerebrum? How old to rent a car in florida? Tips for the residency match : what residency directors are really looking for? How to record a teams meeting? What is the meaning of islam symbol? How to test for gluten intolerance? How to stop sharing location without them knowing? Tips on how to plan a wedding?